Image Source: David Stanley

Egypt Web Sites

Mark Millmore’s Ancient Egypt
Mark Millmore’s fun and educational site is comprehensive, updated daily, and features several great sections. Major sections include Hieroglyphs, Numbers and Egyptian Maths, Pyramids and Temples, Kings & Queens, Rebuilding Ancient Egyptian Temples in 3D, Ancient Egyptian Videos and Documentaries, The Discovering Egypt Newsletter, and Ancient Egyptian Quizzes. The Hieroglyphics section contains Ancient Egyptian Mathematics Problems to see if you could “survive” in the world of Egyptian numerals and mathematics and a chance to play the ancient game of Senet. The Pyramids and Temples section is a virtual tour featuring plenty of great pictures of the temples at Karnak, Luxor, Dendara, Philae, and Ramses II. The Kings and Queens section is more essay format, but again features excellent images. Hatshepsut (“The Woman who was King”), Thutmose III (“The Napoleon of Ancient Egypt”) and and Ramses II (“The Last Great Pharaoh”) figure prominently in this section. Embedded YouTube video and 3D multimedia play a key role at the site, especially in the engaging Rebuilding Ancient Temples exposition and the Ancient Videos section. keep up-to-date on Ancient Egypt news and website updates via Mark’s bi-monthly newsletter and take your hand at some of his quizzes. Finally, the site has a Discovering Ancient Egypt shop where you can game and educational software, books, posters, art prints and photos with an ancient Egyptian theme.

The British Museum: Ancient Egypt
The British Museum site offers good images, simulations, and games to make the study of Ancient Egypt enticing for students. Topics include Egyptian Life, Geography, Gods and Goddesses, Mummification, Pharaoh, Pyramids, Temples, Time, Trades, and Writing. You can view various museum artifacts related to life as a nobleman or farmer, take a virtual tour of pyramids and temples and view a series of political, social, and natural maps –though the maps are not interactive. Clickable mummies guide students through the Mummification process, with explanations of embalming and wrapping. Shockwave-generated activities include an exploration of the underworld, a map reading challenge, an Egyptian numerals test, a hieroglyphics challenge, a time-keeping challenge, a match-tool-to-craftsman challenge, and a challenge to figure out the find out the height, area and weight of the Great Pyramid. Visitors to the site can also examine a wall relief in the Pharaoh section and try to identify objects in a museum. Finally, there is a “staff room” to help teachers use the site. Overall, a great introduction to ancient Egypt for kids, though the layout and multimedia are not as fresh and enticing as what can be found at other sites aimed at children.

Egypt’s Golden Empire
The New Kingdom resources offered at this site are designed to help you use the PBS “Egypt’s Golden Empire” video series and companion Web site in secondary social studies, civics, religion, and language arts classes. Mind you, there is no need to buy the video to make good use of the online materials! Special features include a clickable virtual tour of the New Kingdom with 360 degree panoramas including the West Bank of Thebes, Abydos and Karnak; a clickable virtual tour of New Kingdom primary source art; a dozen video clips from the series; a timeline of 500 years identifying major events of the New Kingdom; a tour of a day in the life of Ancient Egyptians; and an exploration of hieroglyphics. There are also discussions of powerful Egyptian women, pharaohs, and Egyptian society. There are eight lesson plans for educators.

Ancient History: Egyptians
This is an impressive introduction to Ancient Egypt aimed at students from BBC. Major categories include Pyramids and Monuments, Mummification, Gods and Beliefs, Pharaohs and Dynasties, Daily Life, Hieroglyphs, a Timeline, and Related Links. Highlights from The Pyramids and Monuments section include an image gallery of the “top ten” Ancient Egypt sites, and an interactive diagram of Khufu’s Pyramid complex. The Mummification section features an animated “Mummy Maker” embalming game, and The Gods and Beliefs contains a photo gallery of both Egyptian sacred animals and the ‘Death in Sakkara’ game. The Pharaohs and Dynasties contains various essays, including a discussion of Hatshepsut, Ramses II, and photo gallery of Tutankhamun tomb and great dynasties. Special features include an Ancient Egypt Timeline and the animated games Death in Sakkara: An Egyptian Adventure. A nice mix of essays, images, and active-learning multimedia.

The Art of Ancient Egypt 
This site is the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s online exploration of the art of ancient Egypt. It is organized around three Themes — “Ancient Egyptian Beliefs,” “Looking at Egyptian Art,” and “The Story of the Collection” — and groups objects and historical ideas into questions and answers. You can browse a 4,000-year interactive timeline to explore the information chronologically, or the index of forty objects featured from the Museum’s collection. Each object image is annotated and elicits points to “notice,” “discuss,” and “compare.” Resources include a glossary and maps of the Northern and Southern Nile Valley, worksheets for teachers on Egyptian deities, pose and gesture, royal regalia, symbols, and hieroglyphics, a bibliography for both students and teachers, external links, and more. The Curriculum Connections features 30+ lessons and activities.

Theban Mapping Project
The goal of the Theban Mapping Project is to create a comprehensive archaeological database of Thebes. It’s an impressive site that explores the Theban Necropolis, the Valley of the Kings, the tomb of Rameses II, and Egyptology. It offers a maps, a timeline, Q&A’s and updates on the KV5 (Rameses tomb) archeological expedition. A special feature is an interactive atlas that provides streaming animations, an interactive 3D tour, measuring tools for scalable maps, plans, sections and drawings, interactive tomb highlighting for all images, a visual search and filter tool, and zoomable aerial photographs with highlights. Articles focus most predominantly on History of the Valley of the Kings and Tomb Development.

Mysteries of the Nile
This PBS Nova site explores the Egyptian pyramids, temples, and other notable architecture of ancient Egypt through 360° photos shot during an NOVA/PBS “Online Adventure.” Site highlights include a self-guided QuickTime tour through the Land of the Pharaohs, a flyby video of Giza, panoramic images of Khufu, Karnak, Luxor, Tomb of Ramose, and world’s oldest planked vessel. The site also chronicles NOVA’s “search for clues” to obelisk-raising, and its own attempt to erect one. Site page design look a little dated, but strong content and multimedia features more than compensate.

Ancient Egypt at National Geographic
National Geographic hosts a well-sized collection of photos, biographics, videos, and other resources for exploring the world of Ancient Egypt. Of particular note are the articles, which are offered at a variety of reading levels, from 3rd grade to 12th grade.

Note: Related National Geographical articles and videos include:

ABZU: Egypt
ABZU is a comprehensive scholarly guide to the Ancient Near East via the Internet. It provides a helpful index of resources for the study of ancient Egypt, including links to the latest news, publications, research archives, archaeological sites, maps and atlases. There is a handy search engine, a listing of publications by author, and a list of recently added to ABZU. A search (ex. “temples”) elicits a mix of books, articles, and websites.

King Padibastet: The Virtual Egyptian Museum
This collection of 60+ antiquities is a joint venture between The California Institute of World Archaeology and the Senusret Collection. A neat feature is the inclusion of multiple views of various objects. In addition to the artifacts, there is an interactive Timeline of Dynastic Egypt covering 4300 years of Egyptian dynastic chronology, political maps of Egypt. There is also a useful king tables list of “almost all” known kings from Dynasty 1 to the last of the Ptolemys that can be ordered chronologically, alphabetically, by dynasty, or by reign duration. Unfortunately the site has not been updated in years, yet it remains very useful.

Pyramids — The Inside Story 
This engaging PBS Nova site provides a nice blend of images and text to explain the history of Egyptian pyramids and offers insights into excavations and mysteries. The site opens with an introductory history of Egypt, Giza, and the pyramids, but of special interest is the interactive “scaling” of the pyramids, including a virtual tour, and video of Khafre’s Pyramid and The Sphinx. There is also a lesson on hieroglyphics, an interview of the director of the pyramids

Oriental Institute Virtual Museum: Ancient Egypt 
The Oriental Institute Museum houses nearly 30,000 Egyptian artifacts and is one of the largest and most complete in the United States. The Oriental Institute Virtual Museum makes use of a series of Apple QuickTime VR panoramic movies to take you on a tour of each of the Museum’s galleries, accompanied by descriptions of each alcove and their artifacts. This link is to the Egyptian Galley and views of predynastic pottery, materials from the Late Pre-Dynastic and Early Dynastic periods, writing, daily life, art, and religion, mummies and Assyrian Bull, and private tombs. You can also view highlights from the Egypt collection by region or topic or read more information about the Egyptian gallery and its holdings. The Oriental Institute Museum site is updated regularly.

The Oriental Institute Ancient Egypt (Egypt and Sudan) Projects section provides information about Institute projects in parts of the ancient Near East. These projects are outlined in detail and often provide engaging materials and resources. Highlights include a photographic archive of Egypt, a catalogue of photos from a 1905-1907 expedition to Egypt and Sudan, a map series, Giza mapping computerized models, pictures from several expeditions to Nubia, and more.

National Gallery of Art, The Quest for Immortality
This PDF documents a 2002 exhibition at the National Gallery of Art. The exhibition covered the period of the New Kingdom (1550-1069 BC) through the Late Period (664-332 BC), and was divided into six sections: Journey to the Afterworld, The New Kingdom, The Royal Tomb, Tombs of Nobles, The Realm of the Gods, and The Tomb of Thutmose III. Color pictures and extremely thorough annotations cover the history and archaeology of Ancient Egypt in great detail.

Egyptian Antiquities
The Louvre’s Department of Egyptian Antiquities presents artifacts in the Nile Valley from the late prehistoric era (c. 4000 BC) to the “Christian period” (4th century AD). There are 208 selected works here on display from The Louvre’s Department of Egyptian Antiquities. Each image is accompanied by a detailed description and there are teacher guides available for download. There is also a timeline and map.

The Ancient World Mapping Center 
The Ancient World Mapping Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill offers a series of online resources related to the Barrington Atlas and other aspects of ancient geography and cartography. Go the Free Maps section for small-scale ancient geography reference maps for classroom and personal use. (A blank version of each map is usually available.) You can also find updates to the Barrington Atlas; free, downloable maps for educational use; and articles about new discoveries.

Mr Dowling’s Electronic Passport: Ancient Egypt
Mr. Dowling’s Electronic Passport helps kids browse the world in his virtual classroom. He introduces you to many civilizations with clear explanations, engaging graphics for kids, and “cool links”. His helpful study guides, homework assignments and exams are free and available for you to print or to edit. However, the site’s dated design and lack of interactivity are not so “cool.”

Treasures of the Sunken City
This PBS Nova site examine the remains of sunken Alexandria. It chronicles the underwater discovery of the fabled Pharos lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. A special feature is clips from the sunken treasure. It also includes a map of undersea Alexandria, a teacher’s guide, and more.

Guardian’s CyberJourney: Egypt
The CyberJourney layout and design are amateurish, but the section provides useful images, virtual tours, discussions, and commentary on Ancient Egypt. Of note are panoramic tours of Giza, Luxor, the Sphinx, and other locations. There are also several interviews of Dr. Hawass, director of the pyramids, the last in 2008. This section is part of The Guardian’s Egypt, a broad site with news, tours, a bulletin board, a kids section, features on pyramids, hieroglyphics, and mummies, and other features.

Odyssey Online
The Odyssey Online project was developed to help educators teach using works of art from the ancient Near East, Egypt, Greece, Rome and Africa. Designed for elementary and middle school-aged students, the major sections include People, Daily Life, explores archaeology, Mythology, Death and Burial, and Writing. Sections include games and puzzles for kids. Last updated 2005.

The University of Memphis Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology 
The institute offers a tour of Egypt and an exhibit of their artifacts. Try the “Color Tour” to see images of ancient Egypt with descriptions. There is also a clickable map to learn more about ancient Egyptian sites.

Ancient Egyptian Virtual Temple
There is a lot of information at this site to learn about Egyptian temples and ancient Egypt in general. There is much regarding Egyptian history, religion, pyramids, and many other topics. The strength of the site is its generous use of images, but unfortunately the site is dated and some key links are broken.

Online Egyptological Bibliography
The Online Egyptological Bibliography (OEB) holds the largest available collection of references in Egyptological literature and is updated nearly every day. It includes the records and abstracts from Annual Egyptological Bibliography (AEB, 1947-2001), combined with Bibliographie Altägypten (BA, 1822-1946), the Aigyptos database with keywords, and more than 40,000 further items. Coverage is from 1822 to the present.

The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh
This site is the complete contents of Sir Flinders Petrie’s 1880–82 detailed survey of the Giza plateau, which included the Great Pyramid of Khufu and the relatively unknown Trial Site.

KMT: A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt provides articles on the culture, history, arts, architecture, and monuments of ancient Egypt and features top Egyptologists.

Clickable map of The Step Pyramid Complex of Djoser

Lesson Plans, Teacher Guides, Activities, and more

Ancient Egypt Lesson Plans for Teachers
Sponsored by the Detroit Institute of Art, the site features cross-curricular lesson plans by local teachers for enriching the study of Ancient Egypt at the elementary and middle school levels.

Mr. Donn’s Ancient History: Ancient Egypt
Don Donn of the Corkran (Maryland) Middle School provides a complete unit with daily lesson plans and unit test for sixth graders. There are also links to multiple K12 lesson plans and activities.

Inside the Great Pyramid
In this PBS activity you will crawl online through Khufu’s narrow passageways and navigate your way through to the King’s burial chamber. This tour requires a Quicktime plugin.

BBC History: Khufu’s Pyramid Complex
King Khufu (2609-2584 BC), the second king of the Fourth Dynasty, made elaborate provisions for his own death and his afterlife. His body was to be entombed within a pyramid, the most perfect pyramid Egypt had ever seen. Explore the Great Pyramid’s complex reconstruction through these BBC images to discover more about the various structures.

Scaling the Pyramids
Learn from PBS Nova about the construction of the pyramids with a click through map and build models to scale.

Egypt’s Greatest Leaders
In this lesson, students will learn about seven of Egypt’s most famous pharaohs. They will discuss leadership styles and draw conclusions about the success of each of these pharaohs. After learning about the personality and life of each pharaoh, students will break into groups to create in-depth projects about one of the seven pharaohs they have learned about and will teach others in the class about this leader. PBS, Middle School.

A Day in the Life of an Egyptian
The focus of this lesson is to teach students about the daily lives of ancient Egyptians from every social class. Life varied dramatically for people based upon where they were in the social order, and students will examine how people from all walks of life lived. Students will use creative means to present what they have learned about the lives of Egyptians from all social classes. PBS, Grades 6-12.

Tombs and the Afterlife
This lesson focuses on the concept of the afterlife and the importance of pleasing the gods and goddesses, the significance of tombs and tomb building, and the burial customs and traditions of the ancient Egyptians. After learning about all of these concepts, students will design a tomb, create a model of it, and complete a short written assignment explaining the design and contents of the tomb. PBS, Grades 6-12.

This Just in! Nile Network News Update
In this elementary school lesson plan, students will conduct research on the large number of engineering, scientific, architectural and artistic contributions of the ancient Egyptians. They will share their findings by producing a TV news broadcast presentation

BBC History: God and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt Gallery
The deities in this BBC gallery are just 12 out of a possible 2,000 gods and goddesses who were worshipped in ancient Egypt. Some of them were major deities wielding great religious, temporal and political power, others being not much more than demons and genies, or living creatures chosen by ordinary Egyptians to be their personal gods.

BBC History Games: The Mummy Maker 
Test your knowledge of history with an interactive challenge. Enter the embalmer’s workshop and prepare a body for burial.

BBC History Games: Pyramid Challenge
As the vizier, or head of state, you are about to undertake the most important building project of your career — building the king’s pyramids.

Papyrus-Making 101
A brief history of papyrus is enchanced with a detailed presentation that shows how papyrus is made.

BBC History: Animals of Ancient Egypt Gallery
Animals of all kinds were important to the Ancient Egyptians, and featured in the daily secular and religious lives of farmers, craftsmen, priests and rulers. Explore their images in this BBC gallery.

Brief Review in Global History and Geography: Document Based Essays and Practice Tests
PH@School’s Brief Review in Global History and Geography Web site provides multiple-choice questions from actual Regents exams. You can also practice your test-taking skills on document-based essay questions (DBQs), with the option of e-mailing answers directly to your teacher for review.